I love writing and reading poems. We can explore true emotions through poetry. Only poems can explore deep love. If you are in love you become a poet. I started writing by writing poems. I have even published a poetry book and a book of poems and flash fictions.
Poetry can be written on various styles. Some of the common poetry styles are:
Japanese poetry forms not only have deep roots in Japanese culture and literature, but also are popular in different cultures, countries and languages. It has even influenced English literature deeply. There are numerous poetry forms in Japanese literature, and the most popular Japanese poetry forms are Haiku, Senryu, Haiga and Tanka
When Japanese poetry forms were incorporated in other languages, they went through many modifications. Most of the poets in English and other languages do no maintain the original Japanese structure of Haiku, Senryu, Haiga and Tanka.
Haiku: Haiku is unrhymed three-lined poetry in 17 syllables. Haikus are composed about nature.
Senryu: Senryu is similar to Haiku. The only difference between Senryu and Haiku is thematic treatment. Haiku is about nature, whereas Senryu are written on irony of human nature.
Haiga: Haiga is a visual poetry. When Haiku and Senryu are blended with painting or photograph, it becomes Haiga. Originally Haiga was Haiku/Senryu written over a painting. Modern haiga is a haiku/sneryu written over a photograph.
Tanka: Tanka is a five-lined Japanese poetry form composed in 31-syllable.
How to Compose a Haiku?
Haiku is the most popular Japanese poetry form. Haiku communicates and puts forward profound wisdom in few words. Haiku is an observation or commentary on nature and season. Even though haiku were originally composed in Japanese language, today haikus are composed in many languages, including English.
The basic rules of haiku are:
- There has to be 17 syllables in total.
- There has to be three lines.
- The form of haiku is 5-7-5 syllables.
- The first line consists of 5 syllables.
- The second line is 7 syllables.
- The last line is 5 syllables.
The three lines and 17 syllables must project a single word picture. Most importantly, haiku is unrhymed and the last line hits the reader. Haiku plays with word-pictures, every line evokes imagery. The word-pictures that each line implies are the parts of a single picture.
Sometimes haiku is also written on 5-3-5 pattern (in about 13 syllables). Modern haiku is three-lined non-rhyming poetry in 17 or less syllables. Modern haiku poets do not always work on nature and season but on border themes.
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