Nepal: History, Economics and Politics

Nepal is a wonderful country. I say this not just because I am a Nepali, but because the country is a home of world’s tallest mountains, world famous trekking routes, world’s most desired destination for white water rafting, and world’s famous place to see tiger and one-horned rhino.



Nepal is a small landlocked country in South Asia. Nepal shares northern border with Chinese ruled Tibet and Eastern, Western and Southern border with India. Here is the short introduction to Nepal

Country: Nepal

Area: 147,181 sq. km.

Population: 24 million

Religion: Hinduism (85%), Buddhism, Islam, Christianity

Language: Nepali and 106 local dialects

Ethnicity: 92 races

Head of State: Bidhya Bhandari

Head of Government: Prachanda

Speciality: Mount Everest, Mount Annapurna, Lunbini, birthplace of the Buddha

Nepal overthrew 238 years old monarchial dynasty and became a republic in 2008. Nepal recently had a new constitution through Constituent Assembly. The new ear has just begun in Nepal because the Unitarian state has now become a federal republic. However, the country is still trying to come out of the cocoon of feudalism and abolish modern slavery.

In 1950, per capita income of Nepal, India and China was between 90 and 100 dollars. However, today, there is a large discrepancy between the per capita incomes of China (about $900), India (about $430), and Nepal ($300).

Nepal and Britain

Nepal is a poor nation, but it has a proud history, it was never defeated by the British Empire and Chinese Empire.

Nepal fought a war with Britain in 1814 and lost some portion of its territory.

Britain was the first Western country to establish diplomatic ties with Nepal.

Nepal-Britain friendship is 200 years old.

Nepal’s neighbor India was colonialized by Britain but Nepal remained sovereign.

Britain once ruled almost half of the world.

Westminster type of government is a role model for Nepal.

Nepal and India

Nepal and India have open boarder, which means citizens of India can visit Nepal without needing a visa and Nepalese can visit India without a visa. People from India can work and buy property such as land and house in Nepal and vice versa.

India is 22 times bigger than Nepal. These two Nepal and India are culturally, socially, religiously united.

Nepal and China

Nepal and China have fought wars in the medieval age, however, in the modern times Nepal-China relations are very cordial. Tibet which is now Chinese autonomous region, was once ruled by Nepal. After losing war with China, Nepal gave up its claim of Tibet.



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  • Comments

    1. Profile photo of Rex Trulove
      Rex Trulove

      I honestly don’t know a great deal about Nepal, but I know that the people are well known for being exceptionally hard working and unfortunately, they rank among the poorest in the world. Has the country recovered from the big earthquake?

      1. Profile photo of Vinaya
        Vinaya Post author

        Nepal ranks among the poorest because it suffered from 30 years of autocratic rule and 10 years of communist way. The country is yet to recover from earthquake.

    2. Profile photo of Andria Perry
      Andria Perry

      It sounds beautiful and I would love to travel and see Nepal.

      The earthquake damage and loss of life made me so sad, I pray for recovery.

      I shared this article on twitter

      1. Profile photo of Vinaya
        Vinaya Post author

        Nepal is recovering from earthquake however, the recovery process is very slow.

    3. Profile photo of Treathyl FOX
      Treathyl FOX

      When I was young, about 7 years old, there was a popular speaker I was watching on television. His discussion was interesting because he was talking about his family life with fondness and it was something I could relate to. He said his father had a habit of requiring his children to tell him a fact they had learned that day. Each child had to make a statement before they could eat dinner. Similarly, if we had dinner at my aunt’s home, she required us to quote something. The speaker said they couldn’t make stuff up because their father might ask them to show proof of how or where they learned the fact. One of the facts he stated had something to do with a place called Nepal. That was the first time I had ever heard of your homeland. But it wasn’t the last time. Education and knowledge of the world we live in comes into our life in a variety of ways. Once again I’ve learned another interesting fact about Nepal. I did not know Tibet was once ruled by Nepal. Very informative post! Thank you! ~ Sorry to hear about the earthquake. Is there a charity that is collecting funds to assist the citizens?

      1. Profile photo of Vinaya
        Vinaya Post author

        I was greatly effected by earthquake. Some of my Americans friend collected money through Go Fund and helped me. The country received charity from many people and institutions. Reconstruction is ongoing.

      1. Profile photo of Vinaya
        Vinaya Post author

        I think there are two kinds of views about Nepal: one, it is a country of mountains another it is a country where 30 percent people are under the poverty line.

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