Nepal is a wonderful country. I say this not just because I am a Nepali, but because the country is a home of world’s tallest mountains, world famous trekking routes, world’s most desired destination for white water rafting, and world’s famous place to see tiger and one-horned rhino.
Nepal is a small landlocked country in South Asia. Nepal shares northern border with Chinese ruled Tibet and Eastern, Western and Southern border with India. Here is the short introduction to Nepal
Area: 147,181 sq. km.
Population: 24 million
Religion: Hinduism (85%), Buddhism, Islam, Christianity
Language: Nepali and 106 local dialects
Ethnicity: 92 races
Head of State: Bidhya Bhandari
Head of Government: Prachanda
Speciality: Mount Everest, Mount Annapurna, Lunbini, birthplace of the Buddha
Nepal overthrew 238 years old monarchial dynasty and became a republic in 2008. Nepal recently had a new constitution through Constituent Assembly. The new ear has just begun in Nepal because the Unitarian state has now become a federal republic. However, the country is still trying to come out of the cocoon of feudalism and abolish modern slavery.
In 1950, per capita income of Nepal, India and China was between 90 and 100 dollars. However, today, there is a large discrepancy between the per capita incomes of China (about $900), India (about $430), and Nepal ($300).
Nepal and Britain
Nepal is a poor nation, but it has a proud history, it was never defeated by the British Empire and Chinese Empire.
Nepal fought a war with Britain in 1814 and lost some portion of its territory.
Britain was the first Western country to establish diplomatic ties with Nepal.
Nepal-Britain friendship is 200 years old.
Nepal’s neighbor India was colonialized by Britain but Nepal remained sovereign.
Britain once ruled almost half of the world.
Westminster type of government is a role model for Nepal.
Nepal and India
Nepal and India have open boarder, which means citizens of India can visit Nepal without needing a visa and Nepalese can visit India without a visa. People from India can work and buy property such as land and house in Nepal and vice versa.
India is 22 times bigger than Nepal. These two Nepal and India are culturally, socially, religiously united.
Nepal and China
Nepal and China have fought wars in the medieval age, however, in the modern times Nepal-China relations are very cordial. Tibet which is now Chinese autonomous region, was once ruled by Nepal. After losing war with China, Nepal gave up its claim of Tibet.