Cold affects every one of us. It is the most common infectious disease among human beings. On an average, adults suffer from cold infections from two to four times a year, while children can get sick due to colds from six to twelve times a year. Hence, there is nothing surprising in the fact that colds are the most common cause for the children to miss their schools and colleges, and parents to not go to work.
By and large, cold viruses spread from people who are already suffering from it and start suffering by sneezing, coughing etc. Any healthy person can get colds by touching objects such as door handles, handrails in public transport, tableware and so on that are hit by the cold droplets from an infected man. But, it must be borne in mind that not everyone can get sick from exposure to the virus, if they follow some of the preventive measures.
One of the most effective and easiest preventive measures to avoid colds and other infectious diseases such as influenza, in practice is following good hygiene. Here are a few tips:
Do not forget to wash your hands regularly. Washing your hands will not only protect you from exposure to the virus, but also prevents the spread of germs. Wash your hands with warm soapy water for about fifteen seconds.
Keep in mind that about ninety percent of germs lie under fingernails. So, it is important that the soap and water penetrates under the fingernails too. You can use a soft brush to clean under the nails, and then rinse with warm water. If soap and water are not readily available, it is recommended to use a good hand sanitizer. Please keep in mind that disinfectants are alcohol-based and hence should not replace soap and water for daily use.